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The province of Fergana (in Uzbek: Fergana viloyati, in Russian: Ферганский вилоят) is an administrative division (viloyati) of Uzbekistan, in the eastern part of Uzbek territory, with its capital in the city of Fergana. The local economy is based on agriculture, especially cotton production and also sericulture. The climate is typically continental.

We visited the region with a rental car for $100 in Osh, and faced super complicated roads and citadels to get to the region. But it was worth it, as we met people with great hospitality and a unique typical cuisine.

The Uzbek part of the Ferghana Valley is in the center of the valley and in the extreme southeast of Uzbekistan. The entire valley, both this part and parts in other countries, are on the main route of the ancient Silk Road route between Kashgar and Samarkand.

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Upon arrival in the Fergana Valley, many visitors wonder where the valley is. From this wide flat basin (22,000 km²), the surrounding mountain ranges (Tian Shan to the north and Pamir Alay to the south) seem to recede to enormous distances - when you can see them at all.

Drained by the upper Syr-Darya, the Fergana Valley has the best soil and climate in Central Asia. It is Uzbekistan's most populous and industrial region, as well as the country's fruit and cotton basket, meaning it has long wielded much of Uzbekistan's political, economic, and religious influence.

The eight million inhabitants of the Fergana Valley are predominantly Uzbeks - 90% in total and in the smaller cities. For visitors, the main attractions are the exceptional crafts, kaleidoscopic bazaars and the chance to see the Silk Road in action – for centuries the valley was the center of Central Asian silk production.

Our stay in Uzbekistan taught us about simplicity and a type of ethnic physiognomy that we had never seen in our entire lives. A knowledge experience in one of the least visited regions by Western tourists on the Asian continent.

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